Mediterranean diet reduces risk of hip fractures

Swedish researchers examined the potential effects of a healthy Mediterranean diet on the risks of hip fracture. They believed that a person’s level of commitment to this heart-friendly diet could affect the chances of that person ending up with a fractured hip in the future.

The Swedish Research Council supported this study, and the findings were published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

  • Two separate 1997 Swedish cohort studies were combined. The participants had an average age of 60 years and did not suffer from any cancer or cardiovascular disease.
  • The participants answered a questionnaire that covered medical and food-frequency matters. Their answers were rated using a modified Mediterranean diet score (mMED).
  • The database of the National Patient Register provided the incidents of hip fractures among the participants from 1998 to 2012. A total of 3,175 hip fractures were reported by the time the study group reached an average age of 73.3 years.
  • Every unit of increase in the mMED was shown to decrease the hip fracture rate by six percent. It also increased the three-month median range of hip fractures.
  • A comparison of the highest and lowest quintile of adherence to the modified Mediterranean diet score changed the adjusted hazard ratio of hip fractures. It also resulted in a 12-month higher median age for developing the injury.

The results of the Swedish review indicate that the risk of developing hip fractures could be decreased and managed by taking up a Mediterranean diet and strictly adhering to it.

You can view the details of the study at this page.

If you want to read more articles about diets that help strengthen the body, visit

Journal Reference:

Byberg L, Bellavia A, Larsson SC, Orsini N, Wolk A, Michaëlsson K. MEDITERRANEAN DIET AND HIP FRACTURE IN SWEDISH MEN AND WOMEN. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 27 June 2016;31(12):2098–2105. DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.2896.

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